Antifreeze or ethylene glycol is a common winter necessity for many people in the fall and winter months. While it helps keep pipes and cars from freezing, it is a toxic and sometimes lethal fluid for many animals, including dogs, cats, poultry and cattle.
What antifreeze is safe for pets?
Pet-safe antifreezes do exist. Instead of containing ethylene glycol, these versions of antifreeze contain propylene glycol—which has a much wider margin of safety.
Is propylene glycol toxic to animals?
“If a dog or cat ingests a large enough amount of propylene glycol, it can become poisoned. The amount of propylene glycol that a dog would be expected to ingest in a commercial dog food containing propylene glycol would not be considered enough to cause poisoning.
How much Propylene glycol is toxic to cats?
There is a risk of lactic acidosis and Heinz body anemia (in cats) developing later. Toxic consumption: In dogs, 9 mL/kg (4.1 mL/lb) can be fatal. There is no established toxic threshold in cats.
What does propylene glycol do to cats?
Although less toxic than EG, ingestion of propylene glycol (PG) may be associated with a toxic syndrome similar to the acute phase of EG toxicosis. The oral LD50 of PG in dogs is ~9 mL/kg. In cats, ingestion of a diet containing 6%–12% PG can result in Heinz body formation and decreased RBC survival.
Is antifreeze still toxic to dogs?
Dogs and cats find antifreeze quite tasty and if they find antifreeze they’ll drink it. Antifreeze is extremely toxic causing kidney failure that is often fatal in just a few days. Very small amounts of antifreeze can be fatal.
What ingredient in antifreeze is poisonous to dogs?
It takes less than three ounces (5 tbsp) of this liquid to cause fatal damage to the liver, kidneys, and brain of a medium sized dog. The toxic ingredient ethylene glycol is found in other products such as hydraulic brake fluids, as well as antifreeze.
Is propylene glycol antifreeze toxic to dogs?
Propylene glycol is not as toxic as another common antifreeze ingredient known as ethylene glycol; however, it is still poisonous and dogs require medical treatment if ingested.
Does propylene glycol kill dogs?
Unfortunately when it comes to dogs, not a whole lot. In humans, propylene glycol when ingested is pretty innocuous. Toxicity occurs when blood concentration reach 4 grams per liter, which is unachievable by consuming foods or beverages that contain the chemical.
Will propylene glycol kill pets?
Most antifreeze is made from ethylene glycol. … Propylene glycol-based antifreeze is slightly more expensive, but is non-toxic to pets and wildlife.
Is propylene glycol antifreeze safe?
Propylene glycol is already “generally recognized as safe” by the FDA, and it’s used as an additive in foods and cosmetics. It’s also already used as an antifreeze, but only in places like food processing plants where ethylene glycol would be too dangerous to have around.
What does propylene glycol do for animals?
Here are the facts behind the controversial ingredient. Propylene Glycol is a moistening agent found in some dog foods and treats to help reduce moisture, retain it’s texture and prevent bacteria from growing.
Is propylene glycol toxic?
Although PG is generally considered safe, when used in high doses or for prolonged periods, PG toxicity can occur. Reported adverse effects from PG include central nervous system (CNS) toxicity, hyperosmolarity, hemolysis, cardiac arrhythmia, seizures, agitation, and lactic acidosis.
Is antifreeze propylene glycol?
What is antifreeze? Antifreeze is typically a mixture of distilled water with a base product – ethylene or propylene glycol. In some formulas a specialised inhibitor is also sometimes added to help protect system metals from corrosion.
Is polypropylene toxic to cats?
POLYPROPYLENE AND AÏKIOU
We feel reassured that we can supply the best quality to customers and their pets. Polypropylene is not only safer but it’s also less at risk of containing other contaminants which can be harmful to dogs and cats.
What dog food brands are toxic?
The following brands and products are affected:
- Nutrisca. Chicken and Chickpea Dry Dog Food. …
- Natural Life Pet Products. Chicken & Potato Dry Dog Food. …
- Sunshine Mills, Inc. Evolve Chicken & Rice Puppy Dry Dog Food. …
- ANF, Inc. ANF Lamb and Rice Dry Dog Food. …
- Lidl (Orlando brand) …
- Kroger. …
- ELM Pet Foods, Inc. …
- Ahold Delhaize.